ChinaCopyright:  Ilia Torlin 123rf.com

China

Capital: Beijing
Currency: Renminbi (CNY) ¥
Language: Standard Chinese
Listen to the national anthem

Officially known as The Peoples Republic of China, China has the largest population in the world with over 1.3 billion and nearly half of them live in rural areas and believed that a million people live on less than US$1 per day!

During the latter half of the 20th century, the world has seen China as a Human Rights problem. It is said that there are 4 times more executions than the rest of the world put together. China has been heavily criticised for breaches in civil liberties and repression all of which seems to be a daily occurrence. The Tiananmen Square incident in 1989 is an example of the crackdowns imposed, simply for speaking out against the system. In the computer age, China is at the forefront, being one of the biggest exporters of computer based technologies. The internet in China is censored by the Chinese authorities. China has been accused a number of times for cyber attacks in countries like USA, Australia and Canada using botnets, small programs that can access and steal information as well as send spam from another persons computer.

China can boast to being the oldest inhabited region on earth with human-like remains dating back 680,000 BC! It is believe that hominids may have been in the area for around the last 2.2 million years! Chinese tradition has it that the first Dynasty was around 2040 BC and excavations have proven this to be correct. A form of proto-writing (more like symbols than letters) is also thought to have existed as early as 3,000 BC, although this is disputed among archaeologists and historians.

China is the largest market in the world of cars and it is expected that by 2020 there will be as many as 40 million cars on Chinas roads of which there are around 85,000km (53,000 miles). The number of push-bikes is said to be around 480 million and it is estimated that around 60,000 people a years are killed on Chinas roads every year.

China can boast a number of world records for example the fastest commercial train, the Shanghai Maglev Train which can travel at 431km/h (268mp/h).

Shanghai Mag-LevCopyright: tykhyi 123rf.com

Between January 24th and March 3rd 2016 was China's New Year and is it estimated that as many as 2.91 billion travelled during this period. This is equivalent to everyone in England travelling 45 times!

The Fortune Cookie was developed in America California in the early 20th century. Fortune Cookies are a common sight in Chinese restaurants in the USA. Chinese restaurants in China do not use them as they claim Fortune cookieCopyright: dianazh 123rf.com

that they are too American! The cookie itself is made from flour, sugar, vanilla and sesame seed oil. Inside, a 'fortune' is wrapped and t his may be in the form of numbers to use in the Lottery or indeed a prophecy of some kind. It is said that around 3 billion Fortune Cookies are made each year for use in the USA. So how is the fortune put inside the brittle cookie? Well, as soon as the biscuit size cookies come out of the oven the cookie of which there could be 5,000 in total are pushed into the cookie, in a move that presses the still hot cookie into the distinctive shape. The Fortune Cookie is then left to cool and harden.

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