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Capital: New Delhi
Currency: Indian rupee (₹) (INR)
Language: Hindi and English
Listen to the national anthem

Around 7,000 BC, the first Neolithic settlements appeared and over time formed the Indus Valley Civilisation. The earliest human remians found in the area date to around 30,000 BC. In all of India's history it can be said that never has India invaded any other country.

Some of the largest gatherings of human beings can be found in India. Every third year a pilgrimage known as Kumbh Mela takes place.

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There are 4 locations and these are alternated every three years, so on the 12th year you are back at the first site. On 10th February 2013 at Allahabad, it is estimated that as many as 30 million people bathed on the same day!

The most popular sport in india is as you would expect, Cricket and the most well known Indian cricketer is Sachin Tendulkur who has set records roght across the board. There is a cricket pitch in India that was built in 1893, in Chail, Himachal Pradesh that can boast at being the highest Cricket pitch in the world, at 2,444m (over 8,000 ft) above sea level. It is accepted that Chess originated in India and becoming more popular with the rise of several Indian Grand Masters. Snakes and Ladders would you believe, also originated in India by the 13th century poet Gyandev and was originally called 'Mokshapat". The principle of the game is that good deeds will lead you to Heaven and evil to a cycle of rebirths.

Clothing too can give thanks to India and they were the first to cultivate and farm cotton as far back as 4,000 BC! The way Indians dress depends on where they come from as well as the climate. Styles remain pretty widespread and standard, for example the sari for women and the dhoti are also called lungi for men.

As early as 5,000 BC, Indians were using numbers that even today are huge. The Romans and Greeks who we consider the real brains behind Algebra, trigonometry and Calculus were using numbers no bigger than 106. The Indians, however, 5,000 years earlier were using number such as 1053 which is followed by 53 zeros which is called septendecillion! In modern use the largest number in use is called Terra which is 1012! Pi (3.14159265359) was first calculated by Indian mathematician Budhayana and he further discovered the basic concept known as Pythagorean Theory in the 6th century!

Over 2,600 years ago Maharishi Sushruta, an Indian surgeon, was performing operations such as cataract removal, amputation and replacing with artificial limbs, setting fractures and even going as far as brain surgery! Sushruta even had the basic grasp of plastic surgery and described some proceedures as Sushruta Samhita.

Maharishi Sushruta Statue
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