Did you know that the English Cocker Spaniel and the Cocker Spaniel are completely different dogs? In the 1930's it was realised that the Cocker Spaniel in America was different from the Cocker Spaniel in England. The English one is larger.
There are 2 types of Spaniel - land and water Spaniels. The English Cocker is of the land type and their name 'Cocker' comes from the job that they were chosen for - hunting woodcocks and other types of game bird.
In 1885, England's Spaniel club was founded and its first task was to clarify breed standards because at the time breeds were based on weight, alone. In 1936 in America, The English Cocker Spaniel Club of America was formed and in 1946 the American Kennel Club recognised the two varieties.
As a pet the English Cocker Spaniel is very intelligent with plenty of stamina and with the ability to retrieve things and a delicate bite, they proved ideal for hunting sports. English Cockers are also excellent at tracking, trials and agility tests.
English Cockers make excellent pets as t hey are affectionate, gentle and are eager to please.
A generally healthy breed, the English Cocker is prone to a number of health problems such as cataracts, hip dysplasia, kidney failure, deafness and occasionally a heart condition known as Dilated Cardiomyopathy.