The Siberian Husky was bred by the Chukchi tribe of northeastern Asia to herd Reindeer and to act as a guard dog. They were imported into Alaska during the Nome Gold Rush by fur traders. Their main use in Canada and Alaska was as sled dogs but they quickly became pets.
As sled dogs they are perfect for the job. Their thick coats help to keep the cold out and the ability to work as a pack proved ideal. In 1903 Siberian Huskies took part in the All Alaskan Sweepstakes that saw them pulling sleds over a 650 km (404 miles) dogsled race. The Iditarod trial Sled Race is an annual dog sled race from Anchorage to Nome, a distance of approximately 1,800 km (1,118 miles). Each year the distance varies slightly depending on the weather.
Because of their endurance and high levels of energy they were used during the Second World War as search and rescue dogs in the Arctic regions by the US Army.
The Huskies coat is adaptable and in warmer regions it can naturally change to cope with the increase in temperature and can handle temperatures as low as -60°C!