There are two similar types of this breed, Cardigan and the Pembroke. It is believed that the Cardigan was introduced by the Celts around 1200 BC and Pembroke's ancestors were Flemish and introduced around 1100. Both breeds interbred and were thought of as the same breed until 1934 when a show judge saw them as different from each other. Once they had been accepted as 2 separate breeds, the Pembroke became the most popular. In fact, it has become the favourite of the British royalty for over 70 years.
The original use for a Corgi was as cattle herders and their low stature allowed them to roll out of the way of a kick. The Corgi was also used to hunt and kill vermin on farms.
Welch Corgis in general make excellent pets as they are intelligent, gentle and eager to please. They require a daily walk as this helps to keep them calm and happy.
As of 2014, this breed has been officially listed in the Kennel Club Vulnerable Native Breeds list that includes breeds such as Bloodhound, Bullmastiff and Otter hound. Since its peak in 1960, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi has declined in popularity and hence in numbers. In 2014 there were 274 registrations compared to nearly 9,000 in 1960.
Back problems are common in Corgis as well as rapid weight gain which can be maintained and controlled with a daily walk.